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语言学概论复习题

注:我把重复的题目删掉了,选择题的答案,名词解释,问答题参考的书本页码也随这个文档一起上传了。

1. Different functional speech varieties known as ( ) are expected in, say, a church sermon, a diplomatic encounter, a family dinner, or a sports broadcast.

A. registers

B. styles

C. dialects

D. accents

2. ( ) is the study of language in relation to the mind.

A. Psycholinguistics

B. Sociolinguistics

C. Linguistics

D. Semantics

3. Chomsky uses the term ( ) to refer to the actual realization of a language user’s knowledge of the rules of his language in linguistic communication.

A. langue

B. competence

C. parole

D. performance

4.Transformational Generative Grammar was introduced by ( ) in 1957.

A. L. Bloomfield

B. F. Saussure

C. N. Chomsky

D.M. A. K. Halliday

5.Natural languages are viewed to vary according to ( ) set on UG principles to particular values.

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